Psychological changes 3

3rd Trimester

Mother Father


  • Excitement and doubts about readiness for baby
  • Difficulty in focusing attention
  • Decreased sexual interest
  • Relief that pregnancy is almost over
  • Fear for health of mother and baby
  • Anxiety over support role in labor
  • Longing for relationship to return to normal
  • Excitement about baby’s arrival
  • Emotional and mental preparation for birth
  • Worries about labor pain and responsibilities of parenthood


written by Fatma Safi


  • Impact of Birthing Practices on Breastfeeding – by Smith (2010)
  • Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Newborn, by Simkin, Whalley, Keppler, Durham, & Bolding (2010)
  • Maternity & Women’s Health Care, by Lowdermilk, Perry, Cashion, & Alden (2012)
  • Prepared Childbirth the Family Way by Amis and Green (2014)
  • ICEA guide to pregnancy and childbirth (2012)